Some men have excess fat in and surrounding the chest area that can make them feel uncomfortable, embarrassed, or self-conscious. This condition is known as gynecomastia, and the cause is unknown. For many men, it is quite common during their teen years but subsides after puberty. For adult men, it may be caused by hormonal imbalances, side effects of medications, or excess fat. For patients whose enlarged chest is caused by excess fat, the first treatment that is recommended is focused on balancing a proper diet and adequate, targeted exercise. When patients have exhausted all other options for reducing their enlarged chest, surgery may be the best option. A cosmetic surgeon is able to treat gynecomastia through liposuction for less severe cases or with a male breast reduction surgery for cases with more excess breast tissue than fat.
Before surgery begins, either general or local anesthesia is administered to the patient. For the removal of tissue, a small incision is made around the areola, below the breast, or from the armpit depending on where the fat and tissue needs to be removed from. The breast tissue and excess fat will be removed through these incisions to create a more normal appearance of the chest. Once the surgeon has completed, the incisions will be closed, potentially leaving a small scar. You can expect your surgeon will give you specific postoperative care instructions to help maximize your healing and recovery time. The results of your surgery will be immediately visible, but it will take time for your body to fully recover.